Eat Smart: Get a Bite on Nutrient Labels for Better Use
With more than
30,000 food items available in today's supermarkets, selecting the best versions
of food products to accommodate your personal health needs can be difficult.
Whether you're trying to eat less fat or sodium, more fiber or more of a
particular nutrient such as calcium, descriptions on food products called
nutrient-content claims can help you make the most appropriate choices.
Such nutrient-content claims on labels as "high in calcium" or "lite" are forms
of advertising used to highlight the levels of key nutrients, cholesterol, fiber
or calories in the products.
However, the claims themselves don't tell you how much of a nutrient is
provided; that information is contained in the nutrition-facts label found on
the back or side of the package.
The good news about nutrient claims on food labels is they're strictly regulated
by the Food and Drug Administration. The descriptions mean the same thing for
all food products.
Here is a mini-glossary of several common nutrient-content claims. Keep in mind,
these claims are optional. Food manufacturers decide whether to place them on
products, so some foods that meet the criteria may not carry claims.
FREE: This term means the product does not contain, or contains only a
negligible amount of, the nutrient preceding the word free. Fat-free salad
dressings, for example, contain less than 0.5 gram of fat per serving.
LOW: Products labeled low cannot contain more than a set amount of the nutrient
in question. These levels have been set low enough to allow frequent intake
without concern about going over dietary recommendations. More specifically:
Low sodium: no more than 140 milligrams per standardized serving size.
Very low sodium: no more than 35 milligrams per standardized serving size.
Low calorie: no more than 40 calories per standardized serving size.
Low fat: no more than 3 grams per standardized serving size.
Low saturated fat: no more than 1 gram per standardized serving size.
Low cholesterol: no more than 20 milligrams per standardized serving size.
REDUCED OR LESS: When you see either of these terms on a label, it means the
product contains at least 25 percent less of a nutrient or calories than the
LIGHT (OR LITE): This term means the product has 1/3 fewer calories per serving
than a comparable product or 50 percent less fat or sodium per serving than
found in a comparable product.
GOOD SOURCE: The product provides between 10 and 19 percent of the daily value
of the nutrient being described.
HIGH, RICH IN OR EXCELLENT SOURCE: The product provides 20 percent or more of
the daily value for a nutrient.
MORE: If a product contains at least 10 percent more of the daily value for a
nutrient per serving than a comparison food, it can use the term "more" on its
label: for example "Now with more calcium!"
LEAN: This term is used to label meat, poultry, seafood and game meats that
contain less than 10 grams fat, less than 4 grams saturated fat, and less than
95 milligrams cholesterol per standardized serving.
EXTRA LEAN: Meat, poultry, seafood and game meats using this label contain less
than 5 grams fat, 2 grams saturated fat and 95 milligrams cholesterol per
HEALTHY: The FDA has gone as far as to define the word "healthy." It means the
product is low in fat and saturated fat, contains no more than 60 milligrams of
cholesterol and 480 milligrams of sodium per serving.
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